潮語時態一

    • 一、現在式
    • 1) 現在進行式

    • 進行中:
      lo6

    • 我正在吃
      ua2lo6ziah8
      (主語+囉+動詞)

    • 2) 現在完成式

    • 剛完成:
      liao3ho2

    • 吃了嗎?
      ziah8bhue7
      X
    • 吃了。
      ziah8ho2
      (動詞+好)

    • 有無拍照?
      u6bho5ho3sion3
      X
    • 拍了。
      ho3liao3
      (動詞+了)

    • 二、過去式
    • 1) 近過去式

    • 不久前做過:
      du2du2da2zian3

    • 我堵堵去潮州
      ua2du2du2ke3dio5ziu1
      (堵堵+行為)

    • 2) 遠過去式

    • 曾經做過:
      [言別]bag4

    • 我曾去過潮州
      ua2[言別]bag4ke3dio5ziu1
      ([言別]+行為)

土話

    • 土話
      tou27

  • 零碎
    cag4cui3
  • 汗臭
    cao3guan7seng1
  • 過街老鼠
    cao3tao5goi1
  • 比王莽還霸道
    ciaociao3guê3uang5mang2
  • 發霉
    cion6ou1gui1
  • 鄰居
    cu3ka1bin1
  • 出真功夫
    cug4kang1kuê3
  • 很干
    da1deng6deng6
  • 極甜
    diam5gao3ganggang3
  • 危及命根、拼命
    dioh8lao6mian7

成語

    • 成語
      sêng5ghe2

  • 找碴子
    cuê7kang1cuê7kiah4buê2kang1buê2kiah4
  • 無名小卒
    bho5mian5bho5sêg4
  • 毫無回音
    bho5huê5bho5buê1

生活詞彙六:基本動作

    • 基本動作
      gi1bung2dong5zag4


  • gian5zao2

  • tao3

  • huah8

  • ku5

  • kia6

  • zo6

  • buah8

  • diam3

  • dêh4

  • pah4

  • liah8

  • guan6

  • kia5

  • kioh8

  • hiao1

  • tua1
  • 拉著
    kin5

  • duidui2

  • an1

  • keng3
  • 帶上
    zahzah4

  • doh8

  • a2

  • tên1
  • 整、搞
    muêh8

  • deng2

  • dion1

  • zoih8

  • dan3

  • siu5

語境練習三:買物件

    • 買物件
      bhoi2muêh8gian6

  • 店員
    diam3uang5
  • 客人
    nang5kêh4

  • 先生,要買什麽?
    sing1sên1ain3bhoi2mih2gai5?

  • 我看一下。
    ua2toin2zêg8ê7

  • 買樣紀念品給女朋友做手信。
    bhoi2ion7gi3niam6bing2keh4neng2pêng5iu2zo2ciu2sing3

  • 勞你拿那個花瓶給我看。
    lui7le2kioh8he2gai5huê1ping5ua2toin2

  • 哪一個?藍的還是紅的?
    di7zêg8gai5gai5lam5gai7a1si6gai5ang5gai7

  • 藍的。多少錢?
    gai5lam5gai7rioh4zoi7zin5

  • 你的眼光真好,五百元。
    le2gai7mag8sêg4zing1ho2ngou6bêh4ngeng5

  • 五百元!太貴,便宜一點。
    ngou6bêh4ngeng5kah8gui3便pin1zêg8ê7

  • 對不起,沒辦法。已經是特價了,無法減。要麼你選別的。
    dui3m7zu6bho5biang3in2gêng1si6dêg82liao2bho5biang3giam2m7li1le2suang2bag4ion7

  • 這條圍巾怎麼賣?
    zi2diao5am6puang5zo3ni5bhoi7

  • 大的八十,小的五十。
    dua1gai7boih4zab8soi3gai7ngou6zab8

  • 差不多價錢,我兩條都要。勞你分開包。
    ca1m7do13zin5ua2no6diao5long2ain3lui7le2bung1kui1bao1

  • 好。總共百三元,請你去收款處付錢。
    ho2long2zong2bêh4san1ngeng5cain2le2ke3siu1kuang2cu3hoin5zin1

Tense I

    • I) Present tense
    • 1) Present continuous tense

    • doing, (the action) is on-going:
      lo6

    • I’m eating.
      ua2lo6ziah8
      (subject + 囉 + action)

    • 2) Present perfect tense

    • have/has done (the action):
      liao3ho2

    • Have you eaten yet?
      ziah8bhue7
      X
    • I have eaten.
      ziah8ho2
      (verb + 好)

    • Have you taken photos?
      u6bho5ho3sion3
      X
    • I have taken (photos).
      ho3liao3
      (verb + 了)

    • II) Past tense
    • 1) Past tense

    • not long time ago / just now, did/ -d / -ed / -ied:
      du2du2da2zian3

    • I just went to Teochew.
      ua2du2du2ke3dio5ziu1
      (堵堵 + action)

    • 2) Past prefect tense

    • has done (done in the past):
      [言別]bag4

    • I had been to Teochew.
      ua2[言別]bag4ke3dio5ziu1
      ([言別] + action)

Slang

    • slang
      tou27

  • fragmentary, odds and ends
    cag4cui3
  • stink of sweat
    cao3guan7seng1
  • a person hated by everyone
    cao3tao5goi1
  • to be very bossy, possessive
    ciaociao3guê3uang5mang2
  • to get mildewed, moldy
    cion6ou1gui1
  • neighborhood
    cu3ka1bin1
  • to show the actual ability
    cug4kang1kuê3
  • extremely dry
    da1deng6deng6
  • extremely sweet
    diam5gao3ganggang3
  • life-threatening, to try the best
    dioh8lao6mian7

Idiom

    • idiom
      sêng5ghe2

  • to pick a quarrel
    cuê7kang1cuê7kiah4buê2kang1buê2kiah4
  • a nobody
    bho5mian5bho5sêg4
  • there's no news or reply at all
    bho5huê5bho5buê1

Vocabulary Topic VI:Simple Motion

    • simple motion
      gi1bung2dong5zag4

  • walk
    gian5zao2
  • jump
    tao3
  • stride
    huah8
  • squat
    ku5
  • stand
    kia6
  • sit
    zo6
  • fall
    buah8
  • hide
    diam3
  • press
    dêh4
  • hit, beat
    pah4
  • catch
    liah8
  • carry
    guan6
  • lift, raise
    kia5
  • take
    kioh8
  • flip
    hiao1
  • drag
    tua1
  • hold
    kin5
  • pull
    duidui2
  • cover with hands
    an1
  • hide
    keng3
  • bring
    zahzah4
  • pick
    doh8
  • break off with hands
    a2
  • support, punt
    tên1
  • do, make
    muêh8
  • return, back
    deng2
  • pretend
    dion1
  • cut
    zoih8
  • say, speak
    dan3
  • swim
    siu5

Conversation Topic III:Shopping

    • shopping
      bhoi2muêh8gian6

  • salesperson
    diam3uang5
  • client
    nang5kêh4

  • Sir, what would you like to buy?
    sing1sên1ain3bhoi2mih2gai5?

  • Let me take a look.
    ua2toin2zêg8ê7

  • How about buy a souvenir to your girlfriend as a gift?
    bhoi2ion7gi3niam6bing2keh4neng2pêng5iu2zo2ciu2sing3

  • Could you please show me that vase?
    lui7le2kioh8he2gai5huê1ping5ua2toin2

  • Which one? The blue one or the red one?
    di7zêg8gai5gai5lam5gai7a1si6gai5ang5gai7

  • The blue one. How much is it?
    gai5lam5gai7rioh4zoi7zin5

  • Nice choice! 500 yuan.
    le2gai7mag8sêg4zing1ho2ngou6bêh4ngeng5

  • 500 yuan? Too expensive, could it be cheaper?
    ngou6bêh4ngeng5kah8gui3便pin1zêg8ê7

  • Sorry, I can’t. It’s already on sale, could not be cheaper. How about to take a look at something else?
    dui3m7zu6bho5biang3in2gêng1si6dêg82liao2bho5biang3giam2m7li1le2suang2bag4ion7

  • How much is this scarf?
    zi2diao5am6puang5zo3ni5bhoi7

  • The big one is 80 yuan, the small one is 50 yuan.
    dua1gai7boih4zab8soi3gai7ngou6zab8

  • Both prices suit my budget, I would take both. Please pack them separately.
    ca1m7do13zin5ua2no6diao5long2ain3lui7le2bung1kui1bao1

  • Ok. 130 yuan in total. Please go to cashier to pay.
    ho2long2zong2bêh4san1ngeng5cain2le2ke3siu1kuang2cu3hoin5zin1
punting a boat